Functional Check Up  Nutrition


This is a summary of the nutrition course  that is regularly held by Dr. Simeone  both at the Broussais Medical Center  and during  group internships in Rome...

The course aims at achieving two different objectives referring, on one hand, to the field of health and, on the other hand, to a healthy and lasting loss of weight;  in fact, it has been developed  so that each food is discussed according to this twofold nutritional and dietetic aspect .

Ideas do not always coincide with advice. For example, on one hand, olive oil is thought to be  the best ally  for health, but on the other hand, it is the worst enemy of people who should lose weight.

The nutrition course aims at “teaching” how to orientate in  the complicated world of food,  thus discrediting many  current clichés  regarding nutrition science and dietetics.

Before “studying” specific foods, it is important to  illustrate two notions which are of fundamental interest for an easier understanding of what will be explained later.


The connective is a spongy and gelatinous tissue (a  fundamental matrix) where cells are located.

The classical scientific name is "Mesenchyme" but nowadays the term "Matrix", which probably conveys the idea in a better way, is starting to spread.

However, to be clear, the old term "Connect" will be adopted hereinafter.

It totally weighs about 20 kilograms and  carries out a score of functions which make it the most important organ of our body, in addition to the brain and the heart together.

In fact, an organ is any apparatus which performs a function.

Here are some functions carried out by the connective:

- it is where the immunological battle takes place

- it is the tissue where all the metabolic drosses

produced by the body are transferred

- the connective feeds cells

All toxins and metabolic drosses, called "catabolites", daily gather in the connective tissue.

Such toxic substances primarily   cellular metabolism and they are called "endogenous toxins" (in our body there are about 60,000 billion cells which produce "crap" everyday).

Moreover, the connective is the gathering point for "exogenous toxins" as well, i.e. the ones that come from outside (food colours, preservatives, pesticides, fertilizers, anticryptogamic agents,  drugs, chemicals, bacteria, viruses, inorganic salts, smog, dust and whatever).

All these catabolites have to be daily eliminated from the connective in order to make room for more catabolites to come.

But who is responsible for cleaning the connective?

Well, the "sweeper" is the lymphatic system which daily works in order to "drain" all  these drosses.

However, if the balance is broken  and produced drosses  exceed the number of eliminated ones, then the connective starts to “soak up” toxins exceedingly.

This is the basis of many diseases, because the reiterated excess of metabolic drosses over time causes a situation of "tissular or metabolic acidosis" which represents the common substrate of many diseases, including, to name a few, osteoporosis and every "painful" disease, from arthritis to arthrosis, including every painful auto-immune disease (the acidity excess causes the chronic inflammation of tissues).


In this context we will illustrate a phenomenon which is very widespread. It is due to the excess of metabolic drosses in the connective tissue: water retention.

If you pour water into a basin which is divided into two parts by a semi-permeable membrane that filters water only, the latter will tend to spread in both parts homogeneously.

Instead, if we put minerals in one half of the basin,  water will tend to concentrate in the part containing salt, in order to dilute its concentration due to a chemical mechanism called osmosis.

This is what happens in the connective tissue as well!!!

Here is an explanation for water retention and  the reason why eyes or hands or legs can bloat.

Therefore, if we tend to bloat, we have to be aware of the fact that this is the best way our body can solve the problem.

Obviously, it is important to start drinking large quantities of low salinity water immediately and not to make the same mistake as many people who believe that drinking has a bad effect on those who retain liquids.

It is the exact opposite!

Metaphor: If you have a big dirty yard, do not use two buckets of water to clean it. Take the pump!

Therefore, it is important to remember that if we tend to bloat, we do not have to limit the liquid supply and increase its consumption because this is what helps eliminate toxins through urine.

From the above, it is also obvious that you should never take diuretics!

Whoever takes  diuretics to combat water retention tends to bloat more and more.


Here is a list of the best waters in order of importance:
A) Plose, Loreto, Monterosa, Amorosa, Surge, Fiuggi, Sant'Anna, S. Bernardo

B) Levissima, North

C) Holy Cross, Vera, Panna, Rocchetta

The best water is the one with the lowest possible salinity at 180° and a pH level which is basically below 7, and in any case not exceeding 7.4.

Some kinds of water are exceptional, like the first ones; other ones are simply discrete, like the ones in the second group (e.g. Levissima is perfect from the salinity point of view, but is not in terms of PH).


Now, we will take into consideration the second concept which is crucial to learn how to lose weight: the hypothalamus.

The hypothalamus is the structure that regulates the amount of body fat and that handles the whole glandular and metabolic balance of the body along with the hypophysis.

 The hypothalamus is a structure located at the basis of the skull.

In general, the structures located at the bottom of body parts are the oldest ones and therefore they are essential for life since they have not been eliminated during the evolution of the species.

In fact, the hypothalamus is present in every animal species and this is an additional proof of its fundamental importance for survival.

A major function of the hypothalamus is to DEFEND THE SPECIES against extinction through the mechanism of “FAT ACCUMULATION”.

In ancient times, periods of prosperity often alternated with periods of famine; the hypothalamus was a sensor that detected periods of starvation before they actually started and it SLOWED DOWN METABOLISM so as to make the body more resistant in those difficult circumstances.


The metabolism of an individual is the synthesis between the body's ability to "build" and its ability to destroy; a person with a normal metabolism builds 10 and destroys 10.

Anabolism is the ability to build.

Catabolism is the ability to destroy.

The synthesis between the two processes is represented by metabolism.

If we want someone to fatten in a mathematical way, it is sufficient to give him, for example:

• Amphetamines (which pharmacies often  sell as herbs or galenical preparations).

These substances initially make hunger subside stimulating catabolism; therefore, during the first phase, body fat decreases and there is a slimming due to an increase in the catabolic activity.

In this phase, the hypothalamus begins to worry because the excessive stimulation of catabolism is seen as an attempt to suicide, but it is unable to defend yet.

During the second phase, however, the hypothalamus gets organized and sides with anabolism leading to an overall slowdown of metabolism; as a consequence,  we have poorer results that get even worse during the third attempt and the fourth ... until you get even fatter than before!

• thyroxine (Eutirox): it initially speeds up metabolism, but then, as mentioned before, the hypothalamus gets a defence by slowing down the catabolic activity.

Anything that alarms the hypothalamus also causes a metabolic imbalance: millennia ago, dangers arose from famine, floods, earthquakes, whilst today other factors may rouse a hypothalamic crisis (suffering, frustration, stress, fears, etc..).

The more an individual is emotionally frustrated, the more the hypothalamus tends to accumulate fat to defend him.

Obviously, this is an unconscious mechanism (not dependent on us).

Falling into one or more of these groups means undergoing a "functional block" of the hypothalamus, which prevents obtaining an easy loss of weight, because in such conditions, the gland gets defensive and fat accumulates easily.

In other words, there is an abrupt slowdown of metabolism, which no longer works as well as before.

When the hypothalamus is undergoing an alarm state, the biggest mistake you can do is starting a diet, since this would make the alarm state even worse.

Here is the reason why following a diet is difficult and lost kilograms are regularly regained.

The only smart way to get into shape is not “strict dieting”, but acquiring the concepts and tricks to manage ourselves and our Hypothalamus.


It is necessary that we eat with great satisfaction during the meals, at breakfast, lunch and dinner.

If we eat just because we are on a diet, during the day, the hypothalamus will begin to send subliminal messages such as "go and eat something" and then, especially if we are facing a difficult and stressful period, we will not be able to resist and we will tend to nibble between meals.


It is necessary  to eat well during meals and be satisfied, so that the hypothalamus will be good and we will not need to eat between meals!

Remember that not only does food nibbled between meals increase the calories throughout the day (month, year, etc..), thus representing a serious quantitative error, but it also causes the assimilation of much more, rousing a serious qualitative error as well.

The qualitative error, in addition to the quantitative one, leaves people who have to lose weight hopeless!


Foods are described both regarding their effect on weight and their impact on health.


For Italians: pasta, bread and rice.
But there are also: barley, spelt, kamut, buckwheat, “polenta”, rye, corn, etc. ...

Cereals eaten during meals do not make you fat!
100 grams of pasta contain the same calories as 150 grams of meat. Proteins contain the same calories as sugar (1 gram of proteins brings 4 calories and 1 gram of sugar brings 4 calories as well).
It is recommendable to use short pasta (“penne, rigatoni, mezze maniche”. ..) because rice and “risotto”, soup pasta, noodles and soups are not chewed a lot, therefore  the so-called "oral phase", that is to say, that fundamental “empathic” relationship with food is lost.

Cereals are the most important class of food for humans and they are essential for health!
They provide energy for 8 hours, while simple sugars (fruit, honey, sucrose) give much less energy.



Round pizza is an excellent culinary rite and should not be lost; of course, it should be a pizza made with high quality olive oil and mozzarella cheese.
Nowadays, many pizzerias use melted cheese that contains the same amount of calories as buffalo mozzarella, but it is not of the same quality (furthermore, in order to justify the price of pizza, they fill it with a lot of melted cheese, whilst adding very little buffalo mozzarella).
Pizza slices is not good at all for two reasons:
- it is very greasy and oily and caloric (in addition pizza chefs use oil of poor quality)
- pizza slices are usually eaten while standing on one’s foot and at speed, and, on this subject, let's see what happens to the body when you eat standing up and in a hurry.

Our autonomous nervous system is made up of two subsystems:
the sympathetic nervous system is the activity system (adrenaline).
the parasympathetic nervous system is the system of rest (vagus nerve).

When you go to a pizzeria at lunchtime, after a stressful day at work, and perhaps along with other problems that cause nervousness and anxiety, what happens if you eat standing on your   a hurry?

Well, in such circumstances, there is a hyperfunction of the sympathetic system and an increase in the production of the "stress hormone", that is the adrenaline hormone, which causes a transfer of blood from the digestive system to muscles (in fact, adrenaline is also called escape hormone because, in order to escape from danger, muscles need fuel, i.e. blood).

Therefore, in a person living in a state of permanent tension without relaxing even during meals, there is a continuous movement of blood from the viscera to the periphery, that is to say, towards the muscles.

It is clear that in such conditions, the metabolization of food is much more difficult, thus bringing about a series of imaginable consequences, starting with colitis and a sense of bloating.

A wise person never eats while standing up.

Even monkeys sit down while eating!


 Round pizza of good quality is decent.

Pizza by the slice is not good because the ingredients which are generally used are of poor or very poor quality; if ingredients are good and pizza by the  slice is eaten every now and then, it does not cause any damage.



It is very dangerous for the weight.

The problem is that fruit is considered as “something more" and, therefore, as something that is not dangerous, whilst, in fact, it consists of water and sugar and it brings twice or three times more calories than vegetables do.

People who have to lose weight who are unable to do without fruit can have it as a substitute for  meals, eating up to 7-8 hectograms of fruit, or at most up to a kilo of fruit, if the metabolism of the subject is good.

This piece of advice applies to everyone in the summer time, from May to September, while in Winter, it only applies to people who do not feel the cold, who are called "hyper-oxidator" (see the concept of "metabolic types" below).

Referring to people who cannot do without fruit, another way of taking it consists of eating a single fruit at the end of a meal, but only if the subject does not feel the cold and in Winter. 

In any case, fruit (like any other little thing) cannot be eaten as a "snack": an apple a day between meals produces 3,000 calories per month, which have to be added to those brought by the 3 regular meals, and, in terms of weight, 3000  calories mean one more kilogramme.


With reference to the metabolic activity, it is important to introduce the concept deriving from Chinese medicine and referring to the dualism between Yin and Yang; some scientists have translated these two elements into Western words:

- YIN: hypo-oxidator
- YANG: hyper-oxidator

Moreover, according to Chinese medicine, food can be divided into cold nature food and hot nature food; there is no scientific explanation for this, but everything is based upon observation and feelings.

For example, which is the hottest material? Wood or marble? According to senses, wood is hotter...

There is no scientific explanation for this, but it is undeniable.

Now, if I asked you which is the coldest between a watermelon and a steak,  I think everybody would say “watermelon” and, indeed, so it is. 

Returning to metabolism, cellular oxidation is a chemical process that cells use to turn what we eat into energy that can be used for the activities of our body.

A person where this process occurs very easily, thus producing much heat and a lot of energy, is called hyper-oxidator (this kind of person is generally red-faced, sweating and hyperactive).

Chinese medicine indicates this kind of person as yang. This kind person can always eat fruit as substitute for a meal.

A person where the process is slow and difficult, thus producing little heat and low energy is called hypo-oxidator (this kind of person is generally pale, chilly, asthenic).

Chinese medicine indicates this kind of person as yin.

This kind of people cannot eat cold food, including fruit during the cold season, otherwise they would face a metabolic as well as health imbalance. Three Cs (Cold – hypo- oxidator + Cold – fruit + Cold – winter) can never be together ...

Instead, the same person  can eat fruit (as a substitute for a meal) in the summer time.

Moreover, fruit is full fertilizers and pesticides, especially out-of-season or exotic fruit.

When you go to the market, you have to buy the ugliest fruit, which is also the least expensive.



Vegetables are not fat, even those which, according to a common place, are considered more dangerous i.e. starchy vegetables (carrots, potatoes...)

We must be careful with hot potatoes because they are like sponges that absorb all the oil that is used to season them (as a consequence, it seems like we have not dressed them!). We should flavour them when they have got warmer!


Usually, they are good for everybody since they are rich in antioxidants and vitamins.

However, the same reasoning followed for fruit is valid.

Vegetables can be divided into summer, cold essence ones and winter, hot essence ones.

Summer vegetables contain seeds (with the exception of lettuce and salad): tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, green beans, cucumbers, zucchini ...

In winter vegetables, seeds are outside: carrots, endive, chard, spinach, fennel, cabbage, radish ...

People who are sensitive to cold (hypo-oxidators) cannot eat cold vegetables in Winter (3 FCs.

In addition, it is necessary to be careful with seasons because fruit and vegetables are rich in fertilizers; we must always buy the ugliest-looking products, which are also the least expensive.



It is not dangerous, if not more than a glass a day is drunk. For instance, the classic cappuccino in the morning is fine.

However, if you go too far, it makes you fat: remember that it contains the same calories as wine!

Whoever has a slow metabolism or thyroid problems should be careful, because milk provides large amounts of non-bioavailable calcium, thus becoming the strongest decelerator of the thyroid functioning and an obstacle to the catabolic activity, that is to say to metabolism.


It is one of the worst foods in the whole world and one of the main allies of osteoporosis: in fact, nations where large amounts of dairy products are consumed are characterized by high levels of osteoporosis.

In addition, milk proteins (lactalbumin and lactoglobulin) are among the strongest allergens of the gastrointestinal tract (they are large molecules that are not recognized by the immune system and, therefore, fought).

This causes major problems to the intestinal flora as well.

Finally, since milk concentrates every kind of substance, it also concentrates antibiotics, hormones, etc.



Every kind of cheese abounds in calories, especially seasoned ones.

But, paradoxically, we must be more careful with those kinds of cheese such as fresh cheese, i.e. yogurt, “stracchino”, that people tend to regard as less dangerous.

Reality is very different, because fresh dairy products may be worse just because they are paid less attention.

This is very dangerous because, while we tend to eat only small amounts of Parmesan cheese or Emmentaler (while feeling a little 'guilty’), we eat large amounts of “stracchino” without perceiving the slightest sense of guilt.

Yogurt is even regarded as something that helps slim.

On the contrary, yogurt, “stracchino” and similar kinds of cheese contain many calories and large amounts of calcium that inhibit the thyroid activity and slow down metabolism.

As a consequence, ultimately, whoever has to lose weight should avoid eating yogurt, “stracchino”, mozzarella cheese, etc.


Dairy products are indigestible and they strain the liver and the gallbladder, but if we get used to eating a proteinic meal once a day, then it is fine to eat cheese occasionally.

For those who are allergic, it is better to use sheep, goat or vaccine cheese because it is less allergenic.

Seasoned cheese should be totally avoided by allergic people.

Remember that dairy products generally obstacle the activity of the thyroid and tackle the production of hormones by the thyroid itself, thus contributing to hypo-thyroidism.



100 grams of pulses bring a large amount of calories.

Fresh pulses (peas, broad beans...) are fine, dry ones (beans, chickpeas, lentils...) and soya are deadly.

In order to avoid putting on weight, a dish of pasta (preferably short pasta) with a few pulses is better.


Fresh vegetables are decent.

Dry pulses are not good because:

- they are full of toxic substances (purines),
- they are the primary cause of meteorism and abdominal bloating (along with artichokes, cauliflower and chestnuts), unless they are puréed.

An exception is made for SOYA:

- it brings 52% more protein than meat and, therefore, it is an unbalanced kind of food in terms of nutrition
- it is not good for those whose metabolism is slow,
- it is a transgenic kind of food.

Soya is important to talk about free radicals, oxidative stress and cholesterol.

Lately, it has become clear that cholesterol is a very important substance, capable of defending the human body against excessive oxidation and free radicals that, in their turn, predispose to premature aging and degenerative diseases.

This shows that high cholesterol levels quite often indicate an excess in the number of free radicals in the blood.

To learn more, you can request information at the secretarial office or visit the website

Returning to soy lecithin, it is a fat which is theoretically famous for its hypo-cholesterolemizing proprieties. This is true if it is very fresh, but it often stays in supermarkets for a long time and when it is used, it is oxidized and therefore devoid of the antioxidant power that would be its primary function.
Remember that free radicals must be rapidly eliminated and, therefore, the POOL OF ANTIOXIDANTS, consisting of vitamins and enzymes (such as coenzyme Q10), intervenes.

When this pool does not work properly or too many free radicals are produced, i.e. when this balance is broken, the body tries to balance the situation by increasing the synthesis of endogenous cholesterol.

The increase in cholesterol, unless one continuously eats pork meat or cheese, indicates an excess of free radicals.



Meat brings a lot of calories: a couple of hectograms of beef contain about 400 calories, not taking into consideration the seasoning ...

It is exactly the same as a good dish of pasta...


The abuse of meat (as well as of other proteinic food such as fish, cheese and legumes) acidifies tissues and forces the body to tackle this reaction using the salts in the bones à osteoporosis!!!

It is important to remember sugar is another highly acidifying food; it can bring the metabolic balance towards acidosis, with the typical consequences (arthritis, osteoporosis, etc.)..

Moreover, meat retains liquids, thus causing bloating.

As a summary, meat along with other proteinic foods is not good for your health if eaten in exceeding quantities.

A meal containing a proteinic food (meat, sausages, fish, eggs, dairy products, cheese and vegetables) has to de had only once a day.

Some of the best meats are:

- Beef
- Organic turkey, chicken and rabbit meat or, at least, meat deriving from animals which have been reared on the ground (in farms, they are filled with hormones and antibiotics – today, a chicken grows in 1/3 of the required time),
- Lamb.

Pork is not good for health, it must be eaten with moderation.

It is a food rich in histamine and therefore it should not be eaten by those suffering from allergies (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, asthma, dermatitis), like other foods which are rich in histamine that will be mentioned below.

Many cases of allergies could be solved just taking this advice, without medicines.

Here is a list of foods which are rich in histamine, more or less in order of danger: cocoa and chocolate, pork, hams and sausages, alcohol, fermented and seasoned cheese, raw tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, tropical fruit (kiwi, pineapple , papaya, mango, etc.), tuna, shellfish and oily fish, strawberries and peaches, dried fruits, pulses.



Contrary to what we use to believe, they do not make you fat..

Moreover, mortadella or salami are better, as they are eaten in quantities which are inferior to the ones of cooked or raw ham; in fact, 5-7 slices of salami equal to 30 grams are enough for a sandwich and, therefore, they bring less calories.

On the contrary, it is not easy to be satisfied with 30 grams of ham, both cooked or raw.


They are very bad, but in case of abuse only!

Sausages should be eaten occasionally (1 time per week).

If possible, it would be better to buy organic ones (especially salami).

Generally, preservatives which are used for food are not good for the body, but the ones used for cold meats and salami are carcinogenic (e.g. nitrites and nitrates).

Furthermore, organic pig is usually reared without using hormones or antibiotics.

The proof that cold meats and salami are organic is given by the fact that once you open the package, you can preserve them in the refrigerator for a short time, differently from industrial cold meats and salami.

Organic origin is granted by the EEC label on the package.



It is better than meat because the same quantity of fish brings less calories.


Sea fish is full of mercury, but it is always preferable to farmed fish that is usually stuffed with hormones and other chemicals.

Fish should be eaten with moderation!

Remember that proteins have to be taken once a day.



They are very good cooked in every way (e.g. a 2/3-egg omelette with potatoes, zucchini, artichokes, onions, etc.)..


They are excellent and it is not true that they cause an increase in cholesterol levels.

2-4-6 eggs per week can be eaten; vegetarians can eat eggs even more often.



Sugar is not responsible for putting on weight as one may think (1 g of sugar brings 4 calories, just like proteins).

Therefore, it is not all that caloric; consequently, a teaspoon of sugar in the coffee in the morning does not make any harm.

As for weight, brown sugar and honey are equal to white sugar.


It is not good at all when taken in excessive doses.

In fact, it causes an acid reaction in the tissues (blood and connective) and forces the body to tackle it by taking the salts in the bones à osteoporosis 

The same is true for proteins since they are highly acidifying.

As regards health, cane sugar or unrefined organic honey are better since they contain vitamins and minerals.



It makes you fat if eaten between meals, but eating a little chocolate at the end of lunch or dinner is not dangerous: just remember not to eat chocolate between meals...


It is worse than sugar because it contains sugar as well as hydrogenated vegetable oils which are extremely toxic for the body, especially for the liver, heart and circulation; it is among the elements that are responsible for atherosclerosis.

Talking about chocolate, it is important to mention all the other foods that contain vegetable oils (palm oil, coconut, sunflower, etc.).

Almost all foods contain these kind of vegetable oil (crackers, cookies, chips, snacks, Findus fish sticks, Nutella chocolate...).

The definition of "vegetable oil", without any further specification, indicates that the oil used has been subjected to a chemical treatment called "hydrogenation," which completely changes the molecule of the oil itself.

Some industries are beginning to use “non hydrogenated” vegetable oils in response to the slowly growing awareness of consumers; in reality, these “non hydrogenated” vegetable oils are bad.

In order to be healthy, vegetable oils have to be non hydrogenated as well as obtained by a mechanical process, i.e. they must be cold-pressed and not exposed to high temperature which would alter their molecules.

This kinds of vegetable oil are expensive and can be found in some organic products only (but not in all of them, therefore it is better to read the label).

From the above, it is clear that foods containing vegetable oils are by far the most dangerous ones for our health!



They do not cause any problem if they are taken as substitutes for meals.

We must not encourage the state of mind of the fat person who only eats fruit ice cream thinking it is less fat.

When we decide to eat an ice cream or a cake, we can chose the one we prefer.

In Summer, we can even have a moderated meal and then eat an ice cream.


They do not cause big problems if taken with moderation.

Homemade ice cream is better than industrial ice cream which is full of preservatives and hydrogenated vegetable oils.

Even if homemade ice cream is never completely natural, it is better than the so-called industrial one anyway.



It does not cause problems if taken in small quantities (e.g. in salad).

The problem is that, in general, dried fruit is seen as something additional (such as an aperitif or something to be eaten after dinner).

Eating dried fruit between meals is a problem for people who intend to lose weight and it also brings a lot of calories.


Dried fruit is an excellent food; only people suffering from allergies have to be careful because it contains histamine.



It is very dangerous and caloric. If you want someone to fatten, just tell him to flavour everything with plenty of extra virgin olive oil.

As regards weight, we must talk about vegetables which easily absorb or even hide oil: just think of potatoes, eggplant, artichokes.

Potatoes are not as dangerous as people may think, but they become so depending on the quantity of oil they absorb. The same can be said about eggplants.

This type of food should be eaten with great moderation and, anyway, it should always be "squeezed” since the taste does not change!


It is an exceptional food. It is the most antioxidant substance.

Nothing keeps arteries clean like oil does.

Be careful, however, that the oil we are talking about is cold-pressed extra virgin olive oil, possibly organic.



In order of dangerousness, we have:

* Vegetables (e.g. eggplant seasoned with Parmesan cheese and tomato sauce, fried zucchini flowers, fried potatoes...) are dangerous:

. they absorb a huge amount of oil, since they are very spongy;

.  we do not feel guilty because we think they are just vegetables;

.  they are often eaten as a starter, therefore we take a lot of calories just because of an appetizer.

* Meat (e.g. Wiener schnitzel is not much dangerous)

* Fish (shrimps do not give many problems)


They can be accepted only if they are not eaten frequently, just on special occasions.



In small quantities, they do not give any problems.

They just have to be managed in the right way.





about us

Director: doctor Salvatore Simeone,
born in Pignataro Maggiore (CE), 8th February 1957,
High Graduated in Medicine and Surgery at La Sapienza, University of Rome, in 05th April 1986.

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